Peer-reviewed Articles

Window Dressing or Window of Opportunity? Assessing the Advancement of Gender Equality in Autocracies,” with Elin Bjarnegård. Forthcoming, Politics & Gender.

Not All Elections Are Created Equal: Election Quality and Civil Conflict,” with Kelly Morrison and Burcu Savun. 2022. Journal of Politics 84(1).

International Incentives for Women’s Rights in Dictatorships” with Sara Fox and Joshua Kaasik. 2021. Comparative Political Studies.

Extended Intergroup Contact in Frozen Conflicts: Experimental Evidence from Cyprus,” with Omer Zarpli and Charis Psaltis. 2021. Conflict Management and Peace Science  38(4).

David and Goliath? Small Developing Countries, Large Emerging Markets and South-South Trade Agreements,” with Nita Rudra. 2019. International Studies Quarterly 63(3). See the related Monkey Cage article.

Authoritarian Institutions and Women’s Rights,” with Anne-Kathrin Kreft. 2019. Comparative Political Studies 52(5). See the related Monkey Cage article. *Recipient of the James Caporaso Best Paper Award for article appearing in 2019. *

Can Human Rights Conditionality Reduce Repression? Examining the European Union’s Economic Agreements,” with Michael Neureiter. 2018. Review of International Organizations 13(3).

Screening out Risk: IGOs, Member State Selection and Interstate Conflict,” with Shawna Metzger and Bruce Russett. 2015. International Studies Quarterly 59(2).

To Fear or Not to Fear? BRICs and the Developing World,” with Nita Rudra. 2014. International Studies Review 16(3).

Elections and Democratization in Authoritarian Regimes.” 2013. American Journal of Political Science 57(3).

Does Cheating Pay? The Effect of Electoral Misconduct on Party Systems” with Nasos Roussias. 2012. Comparative Political Studies 45(5).

Can International Election Monitoring Harm Governance?” with Alberto Simpser. 2012. Journal of Politics 74(2).

Who is Punished? Regional Intergovernmental Organizations and the Enforcement of Democratic Norms.” 2010. International Organization 64(4).

Islam, Authoritarianism and Female Empowerment: What are the Linkages?” with Bruce Russett. 2004. World Politics, Vol. 56 (4). Reprinted in: Bruce Russett. 2006. Purpose and Policy in the Global Community. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


Defending Democratic Norms: International Actors and the Politics of Electoral Misconduct. 2013. New York: Oxford University Press.

Divide and Deal: The Politics of Distribution in Democracies, co-Editor with Ian Shapiro and Peter Swenson. 2008. New York University Press


“International Enforcement.” In Election Watchdogs: Transparency, Accountability and Integrity. Edited by Pippa Norris and Alessandro Nai. 2017. New York: Oxford University Press.


Book Review of Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Articles Works, and Why it Often Fails, by Judith Kelley, Princeton University Press. 2013. Political Science Quarterly 128(3).

Book Review of Electing Peace: From Civil Conflict to Political Participation, by Aila Matanock, Cambridge University Press. 2017. Perspectives on Politics 16(4).   doi:10.1017/S1537592718003031

Book review of Meddling in the Ballot Box,  by Dov Levin, and Election Interference,  by Jens David Ohlin. 2021. Perspectives on Politics 19(3).  doi:10.1017/S1537592721001456


Working Papers (selected)

Rewarding Women’s Rights in Dictatorships,” with Sarah Bush and Pär Zetterberg.

“International Legal Commitments and U.S. Sanctions for Human Rights,” with Ashrakat Elshehawy and Nikolay Marinov.

“Mixed Signals: Emerging Democracies, Election Monitors, and Sovereign Creditworthiness,” with Julia Gray.

“Competing Verdicts: Multiple Election Monitors and Post-Election Contention,” with Kelly Morrison and Burcu Savun.

“Election Monitoring Under Pressure: The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the ‘New Cold War’. “


Working Projects (selected)

Interacting for Peace: The Effect of Inter-personal Contact on Greek and Turkish Cypriots.

This project, based on original surveys and focus groups organized in May – July 2015, studies the mechanisms through which inter-group contact influences attitudes about the ‘other’. With Omer Zarpli (University of Pittsburgh) and Charis Psaltis (University of Cyprus).

Survey of professionals in democracy promotion, aid, and governance:

This project aims to gauge attitudes about democracy, authoritarianism and human rights in the present global context. Professionals from government and nongovernmental organizations from a number of countries will be recruited to participate. Unlike the more common citizen samples employed in many surveys, this project targets individuals directly responsible for decision making in foreign aid, performance evaluation and foreign policy.